What is Gum Disease ?

The early stage of gum disease is the inflammation of soft tissue surroundings and supporter of teeth and it is the most common result of bad dental or oral hygiene. Gingivitis is a very common disease in adults and it varies widely in severity. There are many ways to understand if you have this condition or not, like red mouth, swollen gums, which can easily bleed with only gentle brushing and flossing. Gingivitis is a very dangerous condition and it also gives warning signs, so if you don’t get it treated at the time then you will regret it because it advances very fast and also gives irritation. 

Gingivitis starts when the food starts mixing with saliva and bacteria, which forms dental plaque and it sticks to the surface of the teeth. If a dental plaque isn’t removed with brushing and flossing then you need to go to a dentist. Otherwise, this would be a very big problem for you and this can also cause you calculus and tartar and tartar is very hard, removing is very tough and only removed by a professional dentist. 

Both the plaque and tartar are very harmful and filled with bacteria. If they aren’t removed from teeth as soon as possible then it starts irritating and also leads to gingivitis. If gingivitis left untreated then it extends from gums to the bone and leads to periodontists. 

Difference between Gingivitis and periodontists

Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums, while periodontists occur when the bone below the gums is infected. Periodontist derives from the word periodontal which means around the teeth and refers to the structure that supports the teeth such as bone and gums. 

Causes of gum Diseases

Plaque and calculus build up when there is Improper oral hygiene that allows bacteria to remain on the teeth and infect the gums is the primary cause of gum disease. But there are many other factors that increase the risk of developing gingivitis. Below are mentioned some of the most common risk factors:

  • Chewing tobacco or smoking prevents the gum tissue from being able to heal.
  • Plaque and calculus accumulate and are harder to keep clean when crooked, rotated, or overlapping teeth create more areas.
  • Many ways of building up gingivitis in people like hormonal changes in puberty, pregnancy, and menopause typically correlate with a rise in gingivitis. Also, the increase in hormones causes the blood vessels in the gums to be more susceptible to bacterial and chemical attacks. When puberty comes, the prevalence of gingivitis ranges between 70%-90%.
  • Cancer can make a person more susceptible to infection and increase the risk of gum disease.
  • Alcohol negatively affects oral defense mechanisms.
  • Stress impairs the bodies and immune response to bacterial invasion.
  • Increase the risk for gum disease when taking medications such as antiseizure medications.
  • Infrequent or no dental care
  • Poor saliva production

Adding the following habits to your daily routine can surely help you :

  • Brushing your teeth properly
  • Flossing at least once a day
  • Swish with mouthwash
  • See a periodontist


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